INTRODUCTION TO ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY

The Ageing Process

There are many factors than can influence and impact in relation to the ageing process.  There are external factors such as exposure to sunlight (excessive), pollution, other weather conditions that are severe. Other factors are more often self-induced.  These are dietary, smoking (produce free radicals where formerly healthy oxygen molecules become unstable and overactive leading to premature wrinkles).  Our sleeping position, anxiety and stress, obesity, and general and daily facial movements.  Most of the latter of these can be addressed by implementing strategies to change our lifestyle to improve our health.  There may be also a loss of subcutaneous support (this is the fatty tissue located between the skin and muscle).  

Skin Changes That Come with Age-As we grow older, changes like these naturally occur:

  • Rougher skin is evident.
  • Benign tumours and lesions may develop.
  • Elastin (elastic tissue present in the skin) decreases resulting in the skin hanging more loosely.
  • Thinning of the Epidermis (Upper layer of the skin) causes the skin to become transparent.
  • Skin becomes more fragile. This is caused by a flattening of the area where the epidermis and dermis (layer of skin under the epidermis) come together.
  • Thinner blood vessels result in more bruising which happens more frequently.

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