Positions & actions of the facial muscles
MUSCLES OF THE FACE
The facial muscles are just under the skins subcutaneous muscle they control facial expressions.
The facial muscles are located just below the subcutaneous muscle and they control our facial expressions. They generally originate from the surface of the skull bone (rarely the facia) and insert on the skin of the face.
For the Aesthetic Practitioner it is essential to possess knowledge and understanding of the forehead, eyebrow, and eyelid as this provides a foundation for performing facial beauty treatments. These 3 specific units are also interlinked so the practitioner can understand the location of each muscle and their function this will enable the different successful treatments and specific outcomes to be met.
Eyebrow position is achieved by a balance of muscles which surround the brow and eye area – Frontalis, Temporalis, Orbicularis oculi, Corrugator supercilia and Procerus to achieve symmetry.
Lip position is achieved by a balance of muscles which surround the mouth area – Orbicularis oris, Buccinator, Risorius, Depressor Labii inferioris and Depressor anguli oris.
Cheek position is achieved by a balance of muscles on each side of the face – Zygomaticus, Masseter, Levator labii superioris and Platysma.
Raises the eyebrows and wrinkles the forehead
Between the eyebrows
Draws the eyebrows down and together into a frown
A circular muscle around the eyes
Closes the eye
A triangular muscle that extends diagonally from the masseter muscle to the corner of the mouth
Draws the corners of the mouth out and up into a smile
Inside the cheeks. It is attached to the upper and lower jaws
Compresses the cheeks
Zygomaticus (major and minor)
Extends diagonally from the zygomatic to the corners of the mouth
Lifts the corners of the mouth up and back into a smile
Between the eyebrows on the bridge of the nose
Draws the eyebrows inwards and wrinkles the bridge of the nose
Front of the nose and around the nostrils
Opens and closes the nostrils
Around the upper lip
Raises and draws back the upper lips and nostrils
Extends from the upper jaw to the corner of the mouth
Elevates the angle of the mouth
Around the lower lip
Pulls down the lower lip to one side
Extends from the lower jaw to the corner of the mouth
Depresses the angle of the mouth
A circular muscle around the mouth
Closes the mouth
Extends over the chin from the corner of the lower lip
Draws the corners of the mouth down
A flattened muscle which extends zygomatic arch to the mandible
Raises the jaw to exert pressure when chewing
Front of the chin
Raises the lower lip and wrinkles the chin
Sides of neck and chin
Draws the corners of the mouth down and back
Lies across each side of the neck. Runs from the sternum to the clavicle and temporal bone
Rotates the head and flexes the neck
The back of the head
Draws the scalp backwards
A posterior muscle that extends from the spine to the temporal bone and occipital bone
Extends the head and neck