INTRODUCTION TO ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY

Dermatology of the Skin

The skin is the largest organ in the Human body and has a surface area of approximately 1.6 to 2m sq.   Its total weight accounts for 1/6th of body weight and thickness varies the thinnest areas are the chin, eyelids, and chin and thickest being the sole of the foot.

Various structures are as a result of the skin which include sweat, nails and hair and sebaceous glands which facilitates the functions of the skin to perform efficiently and effectively.

 

What are the functions of the skin? These include the following:

  • Temperature and Heat Control
  • Protection (e.g., harmful rays from the sun)
  • Absorption
  • Touch
  • Secretion and Excretion

DIFFERENT TYPES OF SKIN TISSUE

 

The skin consists of 3 Main layers.

 

Epidermis; about 0.0mm – 0.1mm

 

Microblading (0.08mm – 0.15mm)

 

Dermis; about 0.1mm – 1mm

 

Micropigmentation (Semi-Permanent Make up) (0.3mm – 0.8mm)

 

Hypodermis / Subcutaneous; about 1 – 3mm

 

Permanent Tattoos (2 – 3mm)

 

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