INTRODUCTION TO ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY

Contraindications

Contraindication:  All Aesthetic Practitioners should be aware that a Consultation Process MUST take place before a client receives treatment of any kind.  This should be sufficient to highlight any contraindication and treatment should not proceed.  If there are signs of infection, then a client should be advised to consult / visit their doctor as soon as possible. Record your actions and recommendations on the Consultation Notes (accurate and precise).  The treatment may have to be delayed or NOT proceed at all.

ABSOLUTE– Never perform a treatment if the client has for example:

  • INFECTIONS
  • KELOID SCARS (raised scarring)
  • RAISED BIRTH MARKS / PIGMENTATION
  • PREGNANCY / BREAST FEEDING
  • PACEMAKER
  • EPILEPSY
  • HEART DISEASE
  • HEMOPHILIA
  • HIV OR AIDS
  • HEPATITUS B OR C
  • VITILIGO
  • LUPUS
  • AUTO-IMMUNE PROBLEMS

RESTRICTIVE – Always get medical consent if your client has for example:

  • BRUISES (in area to be treated as this could lead to a contra-action)
  • MOLES AND WARTS (never go over but ok once removed)
  • DIABETES (might need extra me to heal, so longer time before the top up)
  • PRESCRIBED DRUGS (some drugs like chemotherapy can change the colour of pigments)
  • HIGH OR LOW BLOOD PRESSURE (must be controlled)
  • ALLERGIES (check what they are allergic to – hay fever etc ok to treat)
  • ASTHMA (make sure inhaler is with them)
  • ECZEMA/DERMATITIS/ACNE (if not in area ok to treat, but if in area and active must wait)
  • SKIN CANCER (as long as area has been removed and no more treatment needed)
  • BOTOX OR FILLERS (not before 2 weeks of having treatment done)

Contra Action: Is an adverse reaction can be either to a product or the treatment. It is very important that contraindications are recognised and dealt with properly.  Hygiene Practice is necessary in the salon to help prevent cross infection (contamination). Cross infection occurs when micro-organisms capable of causing disease and/or infection are transferred through personal contact, infected tools, or work surfaces.

Infections: Most infections occur when the body becomes contaminated by micro-organisms, these usually include bacteria, fungal or viral cause. General signs of infection are inflammation, swelling and pus.    

What can cause an infection?    There are numerous issues that can cause infections they include the following but other factors may contribute to infections arising:

  • Health & Safety Protocol NOT being adhered too: All practitioners should follow standards of hygiene, but they should take particular care e.g., washing of hands.  This also includes the sterilisation and cleansing of equipment and tools – if not properly cleansed they can carry bacteria.
  • Signs of Existing Infection – sores or pus
  • Contaminated cell tissue and blood

Infections can be extremely contagious, and clients may be unaware they have an infection. These are contraindications and treatments must not proceed and clients should be advised as noted earlier to seek medical treatment.

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